China has 25 facilities for the safe, anonymous transfer of unwanted babies, which in many cases are babies which parents want but are unable to keep:
99%of babies left at hatches have illnesses or disabilities.
--Ji Gang, a staff member of China Center for Children's Welfare and Adoption
Most of the parents left brief notes or cash along with the infants indicating that they had no choice but to abandon their children.
Their parents are afraid of becoming impoverished as they cannot afford the expensive medical bills and fees for special education.
The Shijiazhuang social welfare institution received 105 infants in 2009 and 83 in 2010. Since the baby hatch was set up in June 2011, it has received 181 abandoned children.
Only one-third of abandoned babies in Shijiazhuang survived before, but now the death rate has fallen sharply with the help of the baby hatch.
On life chances for the disabled in China, see James' essay. But this is an example of why things just carry on in China. Despite massive dysfunction, Chinese governance is capable of doing the best thing in the circumstances. (update see here for a better explanation of what i mean)